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Lung cancer and brain metastasis

MedExpress Team

Piotr Wójcik

Published June 20, 2023 11:30

Lung cancer and brain metastasis - Header image
Fot. Thinkstock / Getty Images
Although lung cancer is mainly associated with smoking, the situation is quite different for cancers of this organ with ALK gene rearrangement. Two-thirds of patients are never or very rarely smokers. What's more, they are often young people who face a very aggressive cancer at the peak of their lives. Fortunately, therapies are available to control the disease and minimize the risk of metastasis. It is important to implement such treatments as early as possible.

According to Professor Rafal Dziadziuszko, head of the Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy at the Medical University of Gdansk, ALK+ lung cancer is diagnosed in about 5 percent of patients in Poland These are often younger people, patients are usually 35-55 years old at the time of diagnosis and are at an important point in their professional and family lives. They are often people with young children, in the midst of intense professional development. Meanwhile, they are suddenly confronted with an illness that forces them to redefine their activities in all fields of life.

The clinical course of the disease is characteristic and often different from most courses of other lung cancers.

- It is an aggressive cancer with a high incidence of pleural fluid and metastasis to the central nervous system, liver, bone and lymph nodes. Symptoms associated with the course of the disease are often due to distant metastases. These include bon...

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