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Can anyone live a hundred years?

MedExpress Team

Irena Piekarska

Published Feb. 16, 2024 08:00

Can anyone live a hundred years? - Header image
In the 20th century, life expectancy increased by almost thirty years. And since then it has remained more or less constant. The fact that it fails to increase at a similar rate despite the achievements of science and medicine puzzles. The riddle that is longevity still remains unsolved.

There are families where generations live to a ripe old age. According to current knowledge, however, there is no evidence that this is due to genetic control of life expectancy. Just as there is no evidence that aging is genetically programmed. It is determined by a number of factors, such as, among others, the accumulation of random damage to genetic material, and key proteins and lipids for life, but not by one particular gene. Non-genetic factors play an important role in this process: the level of oxidative stress, the rate of metabolism, inflammatory processes and the body's capacity to fight them. The environment, technological development and access to medical care are crucial. Thus, no matter what genetic predispositions we come into the world with, we cannot determine from laboratory tests how long our lives will last, but we can certainly influence their length.

Research on life expectancy confirms that appropriate behavior slows aging and proper prevention reduces the risk of developing diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer, which depend on genetic predisposition. It is already known that genes influence certain aspects of health, but life expectancy depen...

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