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Problems in the diagnostic and therapeutic process of children with locomotor cancers

MedExpress Team


Published March 27, 2023 12:18

Problems in the diagnostic and therapeutic process of children with locomotor cancers - Header image

Primary bone tumors account for about 6-7% of the incidence among young cancer patients, and their cure rate is estimated at about 65-75%[1]. Whether or not a child recovers, and how comfortable his or her life will be during and after treatment, depends largely on the stage at which the disease is diagnosed. Unfortunately, at present, diagnoses are still made too late, and there are sometimes irregularities in the diagnostic process. What problems do specialists face?

The most commonly diagnosed primary locomotor cancer in Poland is osteosarcoma. Approximately 30-35 children in Poland develop it annually, and the peak incidence is noted in the age range of 15-19 years. Ewing's sarcoma ranks second (an average of 20-25 new cases per year), affecting boys more often than girls. In both cancer subtypes, nearly half of diagnosed pediatric oncology patients already have metastatic disease. What hinders the efficient diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal cancers in children and adolescents?

Lack of oncological vigilance

The main problem that affects the entire treatment process of pediatric oncology patients is too late diagnosis. Its causes can be traced to, among other things, the lack of oncological vigilance of some general practitioners and pediatricians, i.e. specialists to whom parents first report when their child's condition worsens. Tumors in children develop faster than in adults, so the time and stage at which the disease is diagnosed is extremely important. To this end, extreme caution is key - if there is...

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