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It is estimated that up to one in eight babies in Poland is premature. According to the Central Statistical Office, 306,155 babies were born in 2022, of which 22,510 were premature births, that is, births that occurred before 37 weeks of gestation. Just a dozen years ago, treating newborns born with a weight of less than 1,500 grams was a challenge for neonatologists. Today, more and more babies weighing less than 1,000 grams are being saved. Newborns born between 22 and 37 weeks' gestation have varying maturity, and this presents multiple, often very complex medical challenges depending on the time of birth, weight, and conditions they come into the world with.
"A premature baby is a very complicated patient, because in the first minutes after birth all its organs have to adapt to ectopic life," stresses Dr. Beata Borek-Dzięciol neonatologist at the Children's Clinical Hospital UCK WUM. The health status of a premature baby at birth defines its further development."
The birth of a baby long before the planned date, whose weight is less than 500 gr, can cause numerous developmental problems and, above all, a real threat to his life. Thanks to the development of neonatology, it is increasingly possible to save such small children. The Polish Society of Neonatology as well as most of the world societies in their recommendations recommend taking life-saving measures for premature babies from 22...
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